citrine gemstone November birthstone

Citrine gemstones come in the colors of citrus fruits and is available in color ranges from yellow to deep reddish-orange reminiscent of Madeira wines. In fact, the name is derived from the French word “citron,” which means lemon. Citrine’s optimistic colors bring to mind the warmth of mid-day sunshine.

Citrine is the alternate November birthstone, but it is a gemstone everyone can enjoy.

Citrine Facts

  • Citrine belongs to the quartz species and is related to rock crystal, amethyst, prasiolite (a rare, greenish variety of quartz) and agate (a variety of chalcedony).
  • Brazil is one of the main sources for citrine, and Bolivia has also become a leading producer. It is also found in countries such as Namibia, Madagascar, Tanzania, and Zambia.
  • Citrine is a fairly durable gemstone with a hardness of 7.0 on the Mohs Hardness Scale.
  • Citrine gemstones can be cut into many shapes and sizes, often as cabochons or beads, and is also carved for ornamental use.

Citrine Treatment

  • Most citrines start out as amethysts that are heat-treated to turn yellow to reddish orange. The heat treatment is considered stable under most conditions. Any treatments should be disclosed to the buyer.

Synthetic Citrine

  • Citrine can also be man-made, meaning it is manufactured in a lab rather than mined, and this should be understood by the seller and clearly disclosed to the buyer.

Citrine Care & Cleaning

  • To minimize scratching and wear, store each piece of fine jewelry separately in a soft cloth or padded container.
  • Strong heat can fade or damage citrine.
  • Citrine jewelry is best cleaned with warm, sudsy water and a tightly woven microfiber or other soft cloth.
  • Take all your fine jewelry to a professional jeweler at least twice a year for a thorough cleaning and inspection.
  • See our full guide to jewelry care and cleaning.

Content © GIA. Image © Robert Weldon/GIA

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